One of the most famous and visited cities in the world, Venice was long one of Europe’s most powerful independent states, La Serenissima Repubblica (The Most Serene Republic). The doges of Venice (chosen by a popular assembly until AD 1172 and by a Grand Council of noblemen thereafter) dominated the eastern Mediterranean and trade between Europe and the East until the 18th century, when Venice’s centuries-long struggle against the power of the Ottoman Turks was brought to an end by the Peace of Passerowitz, in which the Venetians lost all their colonies except for settlements along the Dalmatian coastline.
   The city’s modern history began in 1797, when a century of economic decline ended in a popular revolt against the aristocracy and the institution of a short-lived democracy. Briefly under Austrian rule, Venice became part of Bonaparte’s Kingdom of Italy, but at the Congress of Vienna it was restored to Austria. In 1848, under the leadership of Daniele Manin, the city established a republic that held out against the Austrians until August 1849. It subsequently remained under Austrian rule until 1866 when, after a plebiscite, it passed into Italian hands.
   With the possible exceptions of Florence and Saint Petersburg, it is probably fair to say that no city in the world has so large a share of the world’s artistic and cultural heritage as Venice. Its long dominant position and its commercial wealth made the city a mecca for artists during the Renaissance and after. Bellini, Giorgione, Tiziano, Tintoretto, Veronese, Tiepolo, and Canaletto are all “Venetian” artists. The modern city has 70,000 inhabitants, down from 150,000 just a few decades ago. On the other side of the lagoon is the large industrial satellite-city of Mestre, with nearly 400,000 citizens. Tens of millions of tourists every year take a gondola down the Grand Canal or visit Saint Mark’s Square. Tourism, while an immense source of income for the local economy, has inflicted substantial environmental costs, and on some days during the high season the city has to block the road link from Mestre to prevent overcrowding. Venice is currently sinking into its lagoon at a dangerous rate, and the city council, the Italian government, and UNESCO are studying various projects to stop the slide.
   See also Napoleonic Italy.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Venice — • The capital of a province in Northern Italy, is formed of a group of 117 small islands joined together by 378 bridges mostly built of stone Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Venice     Venice …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • VENICE — VENICE, city in N. Italy. The Medieval Community Although some individual Jews had passed through Venice in the Middle Ages, legislation enacted in 1382 allowing moneylending in the city for the following five years marked the start Plan of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Venice 13 — is a Mexican street gang based in the Oakwood (aka Ghost Town ) neighborhood of Venice, a district of Los Angeles, California, with a substantial presence in East Venice as well as the Culver City/Los Angeles border, especially around Washington… …   Wikipedia

  • VENICE — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Venice, le nom anglais de la ville italienne de Venise, est également le nom de plusieurs localités aux États Unis : Venice, en Arkansas, Venice, en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Venice — bezeichnet: Venice (Band), US amerikanische Band Venice (Florida), Stadt in Florida Venice (Los Angeles), Stadtteil in Kalifornien Venice (Louisiana), Ortschaft in Louisiana Venice (Album), Album des Musikers Fennesz Venice (Illinois), Stadt in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Venice — es el nombre en inglés de la ciudad de Venecia y puede referirse a: Lugares Venice (Los Ángeles), California, Estados Unidos; Venice (Florida), Estados Unidos; Venice (Illinois), Estados Unidos; Venice (Nebraska), Estados Unidos; Venice (Nueva… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Venice — Venice, FL U.S. city in Florida Population (2000): 17764 Housing Units (2000): 13516 Land area (2000): 9.115143 sq. miles (23.608111 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.548500 sq. miles (1.420608 sq. km) Total area (2000): 9.663643 sq. miles (25.028719… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Venice, FL — U.S. city in Florida Population (2000): 17764 Housing Units (2000): 13516 Land area (2000): 9.115143 sq. miles (23.608111 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.548500 sq. miles (1.420608 sq. km) Total area (2000): 9.663643 sq. miles (25.028719 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Venice, IL — U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 2528 Housing Units (2000): 1154 Land area (2000): 1.874609 sq. miles (4.855216 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.874609 sq. miles (4.855216 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Venice — [ven′is] 1. seaport in N Italy built on more than 100 small islands in the Lagoon of Venice: formerly a maritime city state extending over most of Venetia & Dalmatia: pop. 306,000: It. name VENEZIA 2. Gulf of N end of the Adriatic: c. 60 mi (97… …   English World dictionary

  • Venice — from M.L. Venetia, from Veneti (Gk. Ouenetoi), name of an ancient people of Illyrian origin …   Etymology dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.